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Information in this article is non-canon

Chirostenotes pergracilis

Chirostenotes was named for a pair of narrow hands (its name means narrow hands) in 1924. Eight years later a couple of feet became Macrophalangia (broad toes), and 1936 saw the discovery of a set of jaws named... wait for it... Caenagnathus (recent jaw). They were all discovered in Alberta. Thankfully, the naming of dinosaurs after newly discovered body parts was nipped in the bud before it got completely out of a hand as a specimen stored in an old museum since 1923 was dusted off and studied. It helped link all of these bits into a single dinosaur and, as it was named first, Chirostenotes is the name it was given. A second set of jaws with strange teeth were assigned here too, but asChirostenotes was a toothless oviraptorosaur they were used to raise an all new dinosaur;Richardoestesia instead. It's since lost ownership of the first jaws too as Caenagnathusturned out to be valid after all.

Chirostenotes had a break (but it wasn't a bird as originally thought) and while not as robust as those of its Asian relatives it was probably powerful enough to deal with a varied diet of leaves, nuts and shellfish, and even the odd cowering mammal or egg. Its legs were long and powerful with long slender toes, and its head was adorned with a casque-like crest. But its long arms with slender and relatively straight claws have prompted the most speculation. In 2005 Senter and Parrish surmised that the elongated middle digit ofChirostenotes may have been an adaptation for poking crevices and scraping out grubs. But if it possessed large primary feathers — like those found on other oviraptorosaurs such as Caudipteryx — crevice poking may have been a tad problematic.

Chirostenotes is a member of Elmisaurinae, a group of advanced oviraptorosaurs with an arctometatarsus - a condition where the middle metatarsal is "pinched" between the ones each side of it. Also seen in tyrannosaurs, alvarezsaurs, ornithomimosaurs, and troodontids, this painful-sounding feature is an advantage rather than a handicap, as it seems to be a design for swift running, though know one knows for sure. 1

Chirostenotes in The Land Before Time

Sten was a Chirostenotes who was an Egg Stealer who first appeared in The Time of Great Growing TV Series Season 1. He later appeared in The Land Before Time XXV: The Four Kinds Quest.

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